Most of the work in the field of environmental health is carried out on the local level. Sweden has 290 municipalities, in the range from approximately 4,000 inhabitants to around 650,000 inhabitants. Every municipality has one (or sometimes a few) boards responsible for environmental health.
In recent years several neighboring municipalities, especially small ones, have started collaborating in municipal associations. This way of sharing competence and resources within the environmental health area is seen as a way to make it easier to keep up with the demands of the legislation.
On the regional level, the county administrative boards are responsible for the co-ordination of the work.
Finally, on the central level there are three primary responsible ministries, namely
Under these ministries the work on the central level is divided between among others
In Sweden, environmental health normally includes a few topics that go beyond what is usual in many other countries.
Local Environmental Health Authorities responsibilities of supervision and correction lie within the fields of:
Since 1999, Sweden has an environmental code, spanning from Agenda 21 and sustainable development to hygiene on camping sites. It is based on 16 national environment and health objectives and also on general principles from the Rio conference, eg PPP, BAT and other international standards.
There are several educations thar can lead to a position as an EHP in Sweden. The most usual has been the four-year programme at Umeå University or Lund university. More information is found here